Day 10: Advantages outweigh disadvantages questions – IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 10-Day Planner

今天學習的寫作題目裏面只有一個現象,然後需要考生去討論這個現象的優點和缺點。並同時比較是否優點大於缺點。

既然問題是要求優點大於缺點,那麼我們是不是應該寫兩個優點,只寫一個缺點呢?沒這麼簡單。最好的方法就是,把這個現象的優點和缺點同時寫出來進行比較,然後討論它們哪個影響力更大。我們先來看看寫作框架是怎麼樣的。

第一段,25字背景介紹,先把這個現象用自己的文字表述一遍,然後表明你的觀點,即優點是大於缺點的。

第二段,闡述這個現象的第一個優點和第一個缺點,並解釋為什麼第一個優點的影響力大於第一個缺點的影響力,105字。

第三段,闡述這個現象的第二個優點和第二個缺點,並解釋為什麼第二個優點的影響力大於第二個缺點的影響力,105字。

第四段,得出結論,即優點是大於缺點的,25字。

在第二段和第三段,如何確定優點的影響力是大於缺點的呢?我們可以從三個方面去考慮。1. 從長遠角度看,優點能否帶來更多的好處,或者缺點帶來的負面影響是否逐漸減小;2. 是否是必須的,就是說這個現象是否必須要發生;3. 可替代性,是否有其他方法可以彌補缺點的負面影響。

為了更好地理解剛才說的內容,我們現在通過一篇範文來進行分析。文章主要討論了父母帶著家人去國外工作的優點和缺點。

Many parents these days work in other countries, taking their families with them. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?

Sample Essay

[1] These days, many parents work abroad, and they often bring along their families. Inevitably, such a phenomenon has both advantages and disadvantages. In my opinion, the advantages of the phenomenon outweigh the disadvantages.

[2] When it comes to children, an advantage is that children will not be separated from their parents. Parents can take good care of their children and prevent them from led astray. Moreover, parents can focus on their work, because they do not need to be worried about their families. On the other hand, the disadvantage is that children need to leave their relatives and friends in their

home countries. However, it is believed that such a disadvantage can be outweighed by the advantage—once children meet new friends in the new place, they can get over the pain of leaving their relatives and friends.

[3] Family members can be exposed to a new culture which can broaden their horizon. Living abroad is also an excellent opportunity for them to be proficient in a foreign language. Undeniably, it takes time for children to adapt to the new environment. They may experience cultural shock and even suffer from homesickness. However, it is believed that going abroad provides a once-in-a-lifetime learning opportunity, and the effects of cultural shock and homesickness will be lessened as time goes by.

[4] Last but not least, it can be predicted that some companies may need to spend more in providing for the employees’ families. On the downside, these companies’ expenditure will be increased. However, if companies are willing to invest in their employees’ welfare, this can increase the employee’s sense of belonging to the new place and make the employees be more willing to work for the companies. The investment is worthwhile in the long run.

[5] In conclusion, I am convinced that the advantages of the phenomenon outweigh the disadvantages.

第一段,文章簡單介紹背景後,表明了它的觀點,那就是「這種現象的優點大於缺點。」即是 ‘In my opinion, the advantages of the phenomenon outweigh the disadvantages.’

第二段,範文闡述了第一個優點,即是「父母可以很好地照顧他們的孩子。」‘Parents can take good care of their children.’ 和「父母可以專注於他們的工作。」即是‘Parents can focus on their work.’ 同時也闡述了第一個缺點,那就是「孩子們需要離開他們祖國的親戚和朋友。」‘Children need to leave their relatives and friends in their home countries.’那麼,怎麼確定優點大於缺點呢?這裏就考慮到了可代替性。因為對於剛才所說的缺點,「孩子們在新的地方遇到新朋友,他們就能克服離開親人和朋友的痛苦。」,那就是‘Children meet new friends in the new place, they can get over the pain of leaving their relatives and friends.’

第三段,範文闡述了第二個優點,即是「接觸到一種新的文化,拓寬他們的視野。」,那就是 ‘Family members can be exposed to a new culture which can broaden their horizon.’ 同時也闡述了第二個缺點,「他們可能會經歷文化衝擊,甚至會想家。」‘They may experience cultural shock and even suffer from homesickness.’ 這段落又怎麼確定優點大於缺點呢?這裏就需要從長遠角度看   ,  缺點帶來的負面影響是否逐漸減小,即「隨著時間的推移,文化衝擊和思鄉之情的影響會逐漸減弱。」‘The effects of cultural shock and homesickness will be lessened as time goes by.’

第四段,範文指出缺點是「公司的支出將會增加」‘expenditure will be increased’但是「如果公司願意為員工福利投資,這可以增加員工對新地方的歸屬感,使員工更願意為公司工作。」‘If companies are willing to invest in their employees’ welfare, this can increase the employee’s sense of belonging to the new place and make the employees be more willing to work for the companies.’ 這裏也是從長遠角度看待問題的,所以優點是大於缺點的。就像文中提到的,「從長遠來看,這筆投資是值得的。」‘The investment is worthwhile in the long run.’ 第五段,得出結論就是優點大於缺點,‘The advantages of the phenomenon outweigh the disadvantages.’

這篇分為五段來寫,用了三個段落來寫了這個現象的優點和缺點。如果你想到的每個優點和缺點都很短,也可以像範文一樣寫五個段落。但是,如果你想到的每個優點和缺點都可以用很多個句子來闡述的話,那就建議你使用今天學習的寫作框架,那樣會更加適合你。

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on telegram
Telegram
Share on google
Google+
Share on pinterest
Pinterest
Share on email
Email
Share on whatsapp
WhatsApp