Day 8: Discuss both views and give your opinion questions – IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 10-Day Planner

這類題目有三個答題步驟。先說一方的觀點,再說另一方的觀點,最後在結論時給自己的意見。回答這個類型問題的重點是:闡述(elaboration)。 以下我們看一下這個問題類型寫作框架。


第一段,用25字簡單地做個背景介紹,也就是用你自己的文字把題目改寫一遍。最後一句話的時候,你就交代你對這個現象有自己意見要表達。


第二段,用70字闡述第一個觀點,這個觀點也就是題目中前面的那個觀點。為什麼一部分人會持有這種觀點呢?你需要站在這個觀點的角度去思考問題,並舉例說明。


第三段,用70字闡述第二個觀點,這個觀點也就是題目中後面的那個觀點。為什麼另外一部分人持有不一樣的觀點呢?這也需要你站在這個觀點的角度去思考問題,並舉例說明。


第四段,用70字給出你自己的意見。在這裏和大家分享一些經驗:那就是不要選擇題目中提到兩個觀點中的任何一個,因為如果你選擇了其中一個,你又要再次去闡述這個觀點,這樣會非常浪費時間。比較好的做法就是,保持中立立場。也就是說,你不完全贊成也不完全反對題目中的任何觀點。


第五段,用25字寫出你的結論。


我們現在通過一條題目來詳細跟大家解釋。

Some people think advertising has positive economic benefits. Others think it has negative social effects because individuals are not satisfied with what they are and what they have. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Sample Essay

[1] Some people believe that advertising brings economic advantages to society, while others believe that it has detrimental effects on society as people become increasingly dissatisfied with themselves. Both views will be discussed and my opinion will be given below.

[2] It is believed that advertising offers positive economic benefits for our society. Not only does advertising encourage competition in market, but it also creates more job opportunities in society. Consumers can know more about their desired products through advertising, which in turn encourages them to make purchases. In short, advertising can increase companies’ revenue, facilitate their expansion and subsequently create more job opportunities.

[3] Although some people think favorably of advertising, there are many people who are skeptical as they are aware of the negative effects of advertising. There are times when the content of advertising is not regulated, and this can have an adverse impact on individuals, particularly children adolescents who are vulnerable to influence of the mass media. For example, cosmetic products and expensive services promoted by glamorous stars make young people feel inferior to others. As a consequence, they become dissatisfied with themselves and become increasingly materialistic.

[4] In my opinion, even though some people believe that advertising has a negative impact on young people, adolescents can make sensible shopping choices if they are taught how to think critically and distinguish between needs and wants. In conclusion, it is believed that advertising can benefit our society as long as the content of advertising is regulated from time to time, and proper education is given to adolescents. (256 words)

題目的意思是,有些人認為廣告有積極的經濟效益。另一些人認為它有負面的社會影響,因為個人不滿足於他們是什麼和他們所擁有的。討論兩種觀點並給出你自己的觀點。

從題目中,我們可以看到兩種不同的觀點。第一種觀點是廣告有積極的經濟效益;第二種觀點是廣告有負面的社會影響。最後,題目要求我們討論這兩種觀點並給出自己的觀點。

第一段,範文用自己的話把問題復述了一遍,做完背景介紹了,在最後一句話交代了自己會給出自己的意見。就像這句話(這兩種觀點都將被討論,我的意見將在下面給出。) ‘Both views will be discussed and my opinion will be given below.’

第二段,範文從題目中第一個觀點的角度去闡述,說明廣告為社會提供積極的經濟效益。就像文章中提到的「廣告可以增加公司的收入,促進公司的擴張,從而創造更多的就業機會。」即是‘Advertising can increase companies’ revenue, facilitate their expansion and subsequently create more job opportunities. ’

第三段,範文從題目中第二個觀點的角度去闡述,說明廣告會帶來負面影響。比如文章中提到的(由明星代言推廣的化妝品和昂貴的服務使年輕人感到自卑)即是‘Cosmetic products and expensive services promoted by glamorous stars make young people feel inferior to others.’

第四段,範文給了自己的觀點。大家注意,範文的觀點也是保持中立的立場。最後是結論,即(只要廣告的內容能被不時地加以規範,對青少年進行適當的教育,廣告就能造福社會)‘It is believed that advertising can benefit our society as long as the content of advertising is regulated from time to time, and proper education is given to adolescents.’

從範文中大家可以看到,在你的意見不是很多的時候,你可以把你的意見和結論放在一個段落來寫。但是,範文有一個不足之處,就是在表達自己意見的時候,沒有提及題目中的第一個觀點。

所以,最好還是按照五個段落的框架來寫更好。尤其是在第四段的時候,你需要結合題目的兩個觀點來表達自己的看法和意見。這麼一來,你的文章就顯得很飽滿了。

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