Day 9: Advantages & disadvantages questions – IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 10-Day Planner

這類型的題目,主要就是需要考生討論一個現象或者一個事情的優點和缺點。往往在題目中有兩個現象(現象A和現象B)然後考生需要對它們的優缺點進行分析和討論。我們先看看一下這類題目的寫作框架:

第一段,依舊是25字背景介紹,把問題復述一遍,然後聲明這兩種現象都有優缺點。

第二段,105字闡述現象A的優點,然後闡述現象B的缺點。

在這裏需要注意的是,同一個段落裏面應該是對同樣的一件事情進行分析比較,從而知道現象A在這方面有優勢,現象B在這方面沒有優勢。

第三段,105字闡述現象A的缺點,然後闡述現象B的優點。

第四段,依舊是25字總結。注意結合現象A和現象B。

為什麼不是需要寫五個段落了?

如果再增加一個段落,就變成現象A的優點比現象B的優點多了,或者現象A的缺點比現象B的缺點多。因為我們需要保持中立的立場,所以最好平等看待。

也正因為如此,我們在提筆寫作之前,就一定要先想好在哪兩件有重合的事情上,現象A有什麼優點和什麼缺點,然後現象B有什麼缺點和優點。

問題是這樣子的:

Nowadays online education has become popular as more institutes and companies are offering courses online. However, many people prefer the traditional, classroom training or study. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both methods.

從題目中我們可以看出來,這裏有兩種學習方法,“線上教育”就是方法A,「傳統的課堂訓練或學習」就是方法B。好了,現在繼續看看範文是怎麼構思的。

Sample Essay

[1] In recent years, online learning has become increasingly popular; nevertheless, traditional way of learning still has its supporters. It is believed there are merits and demerits of both learning methods.

[2] In terms of facilitating learning, online learning caters to different types of individuals, as it offers a valuable option for people with special needs, such as the disabled, full time workers or those who have to take care of family members. Moreover, lectures can be recorded and made into video programs, so students can listen to the lectures repeatedly until they understand them. Also, teachers do not have to repeat the same materials in different classes, which saves them a lot of time and energy. In contrast, traditional learning requires students to attend classes in person, which can be time-consuming for some people. Worse still, students who have difficulty in learning may feel frustrated when they cannot follow the lecture, not to mention the extra time and effort teachers need to spend in explaining to these students.

[3] However, the downsides of online learning are also obvious. Some students who lack self-discipline can be easily distracted. Without teachers’ supervision, they are likely to lose motivation to study. In addition, students will hardly have opportunities to communicate and interact with their peers and teachers face to face, which is not beneficial to their social skills and team spirit. In contrast, students will be able to learn more effectively in the presence of teachers, who can provide students with guidance and support.

[4] In conclusion, distance learning makes education more flexible and efficient, but it cannot replace learning with teachers in traditional classroom settings. After all, the role of education is facilitating the whole-person development of individuals rather than granting qualifications.

第一段,範文改寫了題目,然後聲明這兩種學習方法都有優缺點。就像文中的‘It is believed there are merits and demerits of both learning methods.’。

第二段,範文闡述了方法A的優點,如網上學習迎合了不同類型的個人(online learning caters to different types of individuals);講座可以錄製成視頻節目,學生可以反復聽講座,直到他們理解(lectures can be recorded and made into video programs, so students can listen to the lectures repeatedly until they understand them)。然後闡述了方法B的缺點,如傳統的學習要求學生親自去教室上課(traditional learning requires students to attend classes in person);那些在學習上有困難的學生可能會因為聽不懂講座而感到沮喪,更不用說老師還要花額外的時間和精力向這些學生解釋(students who have difficulty in learning may feel frustrated when they cannot follow the lecture, not to mention the extra time and effort teachers need to spend in explaining to these students)。

從這裏大家就可以看出來了,這個段落主要是對比方法A和方法B在學習的時候是否方便,接著對比講座內容是否可以自己反復學習。很明顯,方法A是佔優勢的。

 

第三段,範文闡述了方法A的缺點,如缺乏自律的學生很容易分心(Some students who lack self-discipline can be easily distracted);學生將很難有機會與他們的同齡人和老師面對面的交流和互動(students will hardly have opportunities to communicate and interact with their peers and teachers face to face)。相反,在這件事情上,方法B是佔優勢的。因為對於方法B,有老師在場的時候,學生能更有效地學習,老師能給學生提供指導和支持(students will be able to learn more effectively in the presence of teachers, who can provide students with guidance and support)。在這個段落當中,主要對比了方法A和方法B在學習效率和交流互動方面的優缺點。很明顯,方法B是佔優勢的。如果能把方法B的優勢再多寫一些會更好。

 

第四段,最後,範文對方法A和方法B做了一個總結,得出自己的結論,那就是誰也不可能取代誰(distance learning makes education more flexible and efficient, but it cannot replace learning with teachers in traditional classroom settings)。

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